Wabash County- Wabash (1879-)

The 1879 Wabash County Courthouse in Wabash, Indiana.

I’ve been a millennial all my life and a fan of basketball since I was six. It’s fun following the NBA, especially when it gives us a chance to indulge ourselves in a good conspiracy theory or bit of speculation. Other than the 1984 draft being rigged to get Patrick Ewing to the Knicks, whether or not Michael Jordan’s first retirement was really a secret punishment for his gambling habits, or if Paul Pierce left game 1 of the 2008 finals in a wheelchair due to injury or because he inadvertently pooped his pants, one of the most enduring mysteries across the league is whether or not visiting teams perform substantially worse during Sunday games in known party cities. “Champaigning and campaigning,” is what commentator and former NBA star Jalen Rose calls it. 

Though the theory was statistically disproven in 2014 (away teams just flat-out play worse on Sundays regardless of what city they’re in1) It’s still fun to think about our sports heroes showing up to shoot-around bleary-eyed and achy after a night on the town in a lit city. What’s lit, you ask? Sorry, that’s the millennial in me. Urban Dictionary’s top definition of the word is “when something is turned up or popping,” i.e., what transpires late at night in a party town. The least lit city in the NBA is unquestionably the one next to the Great Salt Lake, but some of the most notorious are Miami, Florida; New Orleans, Louisiana; Chicago, Illinois; and Wabash, Indiana. 

Sandstone elements like those seen around this entrance, serve as a marked contrast to the building’s red brick.

Did I say that Wabash was one of basketball’s most notorious party towns? My mistake! I meant that Wabash is famous for being the first electrically lit city in the country, even if it was only the courthouse square that was actually electrified2. What a great courthouse square it is, though! Originally, a 40×40 foot brick structure known to some as a “coffee mill” due to its resemblance to that apparatus3 graced the hill there, constructed and paid for by Martin Boots and a Mr. Branson of Wabash. Occupied by the fall of 1838, the courthouse lasted until it was destroyed by a fire in 1870. Boots stipulated that a hitching rack should always be maintained at the square, or else the land would revert to his descendants4. I did not see any hitching racks anywhere near the courthouse square when I went to Wabash, but there were several parking lots that could easily accommodate a horse or two- maybe that fits his requirements well enough to keep the plot under country control. 

The west side of the courthouse is more sedate, yet similarly symmetrical. You can see where chimneys have been removed above the left and right quoins here.

I assume they kept some there for the next eight years, though, since it took that long to build Wabash County’s second, current, courthouse. I haven’t been able to figure out where the courts metin the meantime, but by 1879, everything was operational in Wabash’s new structure. Benjamin V. Enos, an Indianapolis architect, designed it to feature every modern amenity then known, including gas lights and a gas generator in the basement. That’s what brings us up to the square being lit- no, not with Patrón and Monty No. 2s like LeBron might enjoy in Miami. Electricity!

Early in 1880, officials had been toying with arc-lamps provided by the Bruch Electric Light Company. On March 31, workers hung four 3,000-candle lamps from the top of the courthouse, running two telegraph wires down the side to the basement where they were connected to a 12-horsepower steam generator. “The people stood almost breathless, overwhelmed with awe, as if in the presence of the supernatural…, “ contemporary journalists breathlessly wrote, not about my new courthouses posts every Monday, but about the electrically-lit city center. “The strange, weird light, exceeded in power only by the sun, rendered the square as light as midday. Men fell on their knees, groans were uttered at the sight and many were dumb with amazement….It drove the darkness back and out of the entire city of Wabash so that now the people could see to read on nearly all of the city’s streets by night5 

The masonry and metal clock tower, from which electric lights once hung, features delicate details.

Clearly the lighting system worked, and it illuminated the town from high above the courthouse’s hill for the following eight years6. Looking at the courthouse itself, it might seem pretty intricate, but its actually sort of sedate in comparison to its brethren across Indiana, minus some Renaissance detailing. Perhaps most strikingly, the building’s sandstone cornice, sills, quoins, and entry porches contrast the red brick that makes up its walls, an effect used strikingly in the Johnson and Gibson County courthouses. The clock tower features a number of bells and whistles that could easily be called delicate7, but the building’s interior belays its spartan design, featuring a metal grand staircase, stamped ceilings, and simple, walnut woodwork. If you go, make sure to check out the building’s lobby, where one of the original Bruch arc lights is on display. At some point, a number of chimneys were removed from the roofline, as you can see in my old postcard.

An old postcard of the courthouse, with eleven intact chimneys visible.

It’s truly a handsome building. So what are you waiting for? Make a trip up there! There are a number of things to do in Wabash, even if watching an NBA game is off the table. For starters, hit up the Penguin Point on IN-15! Bring cash, and you’ll never have a better tenderloin, chocolate shake, or sack of crinkle-cut fries. As you follow 15 north towards town, you’ll plunge through a cleared-out hill, the courthouse looming off in the distance in front of you. Cross the river and you’re in Wabash proper. The Honeywell Center, established by the industrialist Marc Honeywell in 1941, features concerts, shows, and special events, while the four-story, Honeywell-owned Eagles Theater -built in 1906 as part of the Wabash Eagles Lodge- is under renovation and will again feature movies once the project is complete.

The courthouse, eight or nine blocks south of the historic Wabash High School, sits on a substantial hill, allowing it to tower over most of the community.

Like old schools? I do! The gothic revival Wabash High School is located on North Miami Street. If you’re a fan of our lost and lamented Marsh Supermarkets, their first discount LoBill foods store opened up here at 950 Cass Street, now the site of a Save-A-Lot. There’s a lot of local history to be found in Wabash- including the Great Emancipator statue produced by sculptor Charles Keck and added to the courthouse lawn in 1932. There, a bearded Lincoln sits on a rock with his hands on his knees, in similar format to the Lincoln Monument found in Hingham, Massachusetts. Standing around seven feet tall, the sculpture is hard to miss, though my photos indicate that I managed to do so on my tight timeframe in town. 

The stately Wabash County Courthouse absolutely deserves a visit- especially while its open.

Even though Wabash might not be on the itinerary of your typical NBA star, and even if it won’t impact their performance on Sundays in Indianapolis, the city is definitely worth a stop for aficionados of local history. Though not as lit as Miami, Chicago, or New Orleans, it was truly the first “lit” city, and still a worthy place to explore with probably as much history rolled into its little finger as its larger peers have in a whole hand. I highly recommend it, as long as you bring your own Patrón and Cubans. And also cash for Penguin Point.

TL;DR
Wabash County (pop. 32,888, 53/92)
Wabash (pop. 10,666)
13/92 photographed
Built: 1879
Cost: $95,000 ($2.44 million in 2016)
Architect: B. V. Enos & Son
Style: Renaissance
Courthouse Square: Shelbyville Square
Height: 125 feet
Current use: County offices and courts
Photographed: 8/15/15


1 Ezekowitz, William. “Champagne and Campaign: Do NBA Teams Play Worse On The Road In Party Cities?” The Harvard Sports Analysis Collective [Cambridge]. November 12, 2014. Web. Retrieved 1/6/19.
2 Silverberg, Robert (1967). Light for the World: Edison and the Power Industry. Princeton, N.J.: D. Van Nostrand. Print.
3 Enyart, David. “Types of Courthouses” Indiana County Courthouse Histories. ACPL Genealogy Center, 2010-2018. Web. Retrieved 1/6/20.
4 Weesner, Clarkson W. “History of Wabash County Indiana” The Lewis Publishing Company [Chicago]. 1914. Print.

5 “Wabash lighted the way 125 years ago”. Wabash Weekly Plain Dealer. March 30, 2005. Retrieved March 20, 2016.

6 “March 31, 1880: Wabash, Indiana, becomes the first city completely illuminated by electric lighting” The Street and the City – Awakenings. March 31, 2016. Web. Retrieved 1/6/19.
7 Indiana Landmarks (2013). Wabash County. Indianapolis. Indiana Landmarks. Web. Retrieved 1/6/20.

Author: tcshideler

I'm a fan of local history, pizza robots, NBA basketball, LEGOs, and playing drums.

8 thoughts

    1. JPC- the closest PP to you is probably now in Sheridan unless Marion is somehow closer. They still serve great crinkle cut fries and tenderloins, decent friend chicken, and piss-poor burgers! Abstain from the Big Wally!

      Also I can’t remember if penguin point was tour destination on the ill-fated bike trip with my dad, but I will never stop laughing at -or hearing- that story.

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    1. I have only ever jokingly banged fork and knife lightly against a table to demand prompt service. I couldn’t imagine destroying glass in hunger or entitlement, but then that’s what’s hilarious! I’d forgotten that they were lax in opening properly. I’m glad it was sorted out! I think if I were to go give a Five Guys the similar treatment I’d be deservedly on vacation.

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      1. In his defense he thought he was just banging on the door to in a kind of “Guys, sign says you’re open at 10 and its 7 after, so WTH?” way. Nobody was more surprised about the old-fashioned plate glass in the door than he was. 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

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